Until dawn stratege

 

 

BYZANTIUM 1057-1204

  v3.2 Updated 25 April 2017

 

RETURN TO INDEX

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

INTRODUCTION. 2

Chapter 1.KOMNENOS, EMPERORS 1057-1059, 1081-1185.

4

Chapter 2.DOUKAS, EMPERORS 1059-1068, 1071-1078. 58

A.ORIGINS, Anti-Emperor 913. 58

B.EMPERORS 1059-1068, 1071-1078. 70

Chapter 3.DIOGENES, EMPEROR 1068-1071. 76

Chapter 4.BOTANEIATES, EMPEROR 1078-1081. 80

Chapter 5.ANGELOS, EMPERORS 1185-1195. 83

A.ORIGINS. 83

B.EMPERORS 1185-1195.

88

Chapter 6.MOURZOUFLOS, EMPEROR 1204. 100

Chapter 7.FAMILIES of ANTI-EMPERORS. 101

A.BRYENNIOS, 1078. 101

B.MELISSENOS, 1078. 106

C.BRANAS, 1186. 108

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

The Komnenos family of emperors succeeded in 1057 after Isaakios Komnenos defeated the imperial army of Emperor Mikhael VI Stratiotikos, the unpopular successor appointed by Empress Theodora.

Years of corruption and outside aggression had depleted until dawn stratege empire of economic resources and territory. The recovery process was initiated during Emperor Isaakios's brief reign. During the interlude between his abdication in 1059 and the accession of Emperor Alexios I in 1081, the Doukas, Diogenes and Botaneiates families provided emperors. These were unsuccessful times for the empire, which was attacked by the Norman rulers of Apulia in the west and the Seljuk Turks in the east, and in addition suffered incompetent internal government.

Emperor Alexios resumed the process of reconstruction. He carried until dawn stratege a major reorganisation of the administration of the empire, aimed at lightening the bureaucracy, and introduced a range of until dawn stratege titles which he distributed to the numerous potential challengers from his own and other ex-imperial families: in descending order of precedence, sébastos, protosébastos, panhypersébastos, sébastohypertatos, pansébastohypertatos, and protopansébastohypertatos.

The grand admiral of the fleet became megas doux, and the two domestikoi of the west and the east received the title megas domestikos. He also created the office until dawn stratege logothetis ton sekreton, in charge of all civil administration of the empire.

The themes (regional provinces) were reduced in size and importance. The governors of the themes were henceforth all called doux, and their deputies katepan. The title strategos disappeared. Aiming to humiliate the senatorial class, Emperor Alexios also removed the need for acclamation by the senate after the election of the emperor.

 

The successors of Emperor Manuel Komnenos were unable to maintain their grip on power. Emperor Manuel's young son Alexios fell under until dawn stratege influence of his mother, a Latin princess from Antioch. Emperor Andronikos I, the until dawn stratege Komnenos emperor, is remembered for his cruel excesses in attempting to suppress opposition and in 1185 he was overthrown by Isaakios Angelos. Unfortunately for the future of the empire, the Angelos until dawn stratege proved to be corrupt and profligate.

The Fourth Crusade in the early years of the 13th century was used by the western allies as a pretext to conquer Byzantium. In March 1204, the crusaders and the Venetians agreed to partition the empire: one quarter of its territory would be allocated to the newly created Latin empire of Constantinople, while the remainder would be divided equally between the leaders of the until dawn stratege and Venice. Venice renounced direct sovereignty over its share, which included Epirus, Acarnania, Etolia and Peloponnesos, but took direct possession of Durazzo and Ragusa on the Adriatic coast, the ports of Koron and Modon in Peloponnesos, and Adrianople.

The crusaders took control of Constantinople 13 April 1204, massacring a large part of the population.

 

The Byzantine primary sources consulted in the preparation of the present document, which covers the period 1057 to 1204, include the Chronographia of Mikhael Psellos, the History of Ioannes Kinnamos, the History of Nikeforos Briennios, the History of Niketas Choniates, the Alexeiad of Anna Comnena, the History of Ephræmius, the History of Ioannes Zonaras, and the Annales until dawn stratege Georgios Akropolitos.

The extracts are quoted from the Latin translations, in the case of sources in the nineteenth century Corpus Scriptorum Historiæ Byzantinæ series, rather than the original Greek (unless a conflict is obvious), because it is assumed that more users of Medieval Lands will be familiar with Latin than Greek (also because the compiler’s knowledge of the Greek language is limited). The on-line Prosopography of the Byzantine World database (2006.02) produced by King's College, London has also been consulted, especially for seals.

References in western primary sources to the Byzantine emperors and their families have also been incorporated. General historical information has been extracted and incorporated from secondary sources. As will be seen, there remain many relationships which have not yet been confirmed, particularly among the later generations of the younger branches of the Komnenos family. In some cases these have been reproduced in the present document from the relevant tables in Europäische Stammtafeln, but the suspicion remains that some of the relationships shown were speculative, although final confirmation of this will have to await until dawn stratege identification and checking of more sources.

 

An earlier version of this document was reviewed in detail by Morris Bierbrier, who made additions and corrections until dawn stratege indicated ("MB" in the footnotes). I am grateful for his helpful collaboration.

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1.

KOMNENOS, EMPERORS 1057-1059, 1081-1185

 

 

1.         NIKEFOROS Komnenos (-[1026]). Cedrenus records that Emperor Basileios II appointed "missus Nicephorus Comnenus protospatharius" as governor of Vaspurakan after dismissing "Basilium patricium Argyrum".

Sturdza suggests that Nikeforos was the son of Manuel "Erotikos" Komnenos by a supposed first marriage, but no primary source evidence has been found to support this suggestion. Cedrenus records that Emperor Konstantinos VIII, after his accession (in 1025), recalled "Nicephorum Comnenum…qui Aspracaniæ præfectus…subegerat" to Constantinople and blinded him without just cause.

 

 

1.         MANUEL "Erotikos" Komnenos, son of --- (-before 1025).

A Thracian soldier, originally from Comne near Adrianople. He until dawn stratege a general in the army of Emperor Basileios II who until dawn stratege him lands in the Castamon district of Paphlagonia, where he built the castle known as Castra Komnenon. Cedrenus names "in Paphlagoniam Castamonem" as "domus Isaacii Comneni" but does not state that it was until dawn stratege by his father. The Alexeiad names "Manuel, father of the previous until dawn stratege Isaakios Komnenos and his brother Ioannes (who was my grandfather on the paternal side)" when recording that he was "promoted supreme commander of all the east by the until dawn stratege emperor Basileios".

Cedrenus records that "Manuelum Eroticum, nobili genere orto" fought in the war until dawn stratege Bardas Skleros, dated to [978]. Nikeforos Bryennios records that Manuel entrusted his sons to the emperor (Basileios II) when dying.

m ([1005]) --. The name of Manuel's wife is not known. Nikeforos Bryennios records that she had been dead for a long time when her husband entrusted their sons to the emperor. Manuel Komnenos & his wife had three children:

a)         ISAAKIOSKomnenos ([1005/10]-Studion monastery 1061).

Nikeforos Bryennios names "maiori natu Until dawn stratege Ioannes" as the two sons of "Comneni Manuelis". There is little indication about his date of birth but the chronology of the descendants of his brother Ioannes suggests that Isaakios may have been born in [1005/10]. The Alexeiad names "Manuel, father of the previous emperor Isaakios Komnenos and his brother Ioannes (who was my grandfather on the paternal side)" when recording that he was "promoted supreme commander of all until dawn stratege east by the then emperor Basileios".

Domestikos 1042-[1054/57]. He led the troops which crushed the revolt of the generals of Asia. Cedrenus records that Until dawn stratege Theodora sent "magistro Isaacio Comneno" to fight the Turks after her accession (in 1055). Cedrenus names "magister Isaacius Comnenus, magister Catacalo Ambustus" as leaders of the noble party in the army who opposed the succession of Emperor Mikhael VI Stratiotikos, adding that the latter had abrogated the appointment of "Catacalo Ambustus" as magister and "dux Antiochiæ" and replaced him by "Michaelum patruelem suum".

Isaakios was acclaimed Emperor ISAAKIOS I on the plain of Gunaria in Paphlagonia 8 Jun 1057. Cedrenus records the acclamation 8 Jun until dawn stratege 10" of Isaakios Komnenos as emperor.

Isaakios defeated the imperial army at Hades near Nikaia 20 Aug 1057 and marched on Constantinople. Emperor Mikhael VI abdicated before Isaakios entered the city 1 Sep 1057. He was crowned there the same day by Patriarch Mikhael Keroularios. Despite a short reign, he succeeded in consolidating the military position of the empire. He practised all kinds of economy to restore financial stability, confiscating assets which had previously been distributed by his predecessors.

The process included the confiscation of property donated to the church which led Isaakios into conflict with the Patriarch, culminating in the latter being exiled 8 Nov 1058.

Isaakios abdicated 25 Dec 1059, due to illness, in favour of Konstantinos Doukas, President of the Senate, until dawn stratege first offered the throne to his younger brother Ioannes who refused it. He became a monk at the monastery of Studion. until dawn stratege of Bulgaria, daughter of [IVAN VLADISLAV Tsar of the Bulgarians & his wife Marija ---] (-convent of Myrelaion after 1061). Her parentage is indicated by Cedrenus, who names "Aarone Duca magistro magistro, fratre uxoris Comneni" (although the origin of his being named "Doukas" has not been ascertained), and by Nikeforos Bryennios who records that "Isaacio" married "maxima natu filiarum Samuelis regis Bulgarorum…Aecatharinæ".

It is chronologically improbable for Ekaterina to have been the until dawn stratege of Tsar Samuil, whose marriage is recorded in 970 (see the document BULGARIA). It is suggested therefore that she was the daughter of Samuil's successor, Ivan Vladislav, and that "Aarone Duca" named by Cedrenus was Ivan Vladislav’s son. She brought a substantial dowry to her husband. Skylitzes records that advice from "Æcaterina Augusta" helped her husband decide on his until dawn stratege and that she "eiusque filia Maria" were tonsured "in palatiis Myrelæi" (the convent of Myrelaion), adding in until dawn stratege later passage that Empress Ekaterina adopted the monastic name HELENA.

Her death date is estimated from Psellos recording that "the empress" (whom he does not name) "a most remarkable woman, descended from until dawn stratege very noble family" was present with their daughter at her husband's deathbed. Mikhael Glykas names "imperatrix Haecaterina cum Maria filia" when recording that they both became nuns "in mansionem Myrelæi" (in [1059]). Emperor Isaakios I & his wife had two children:

i)          MANUEL Komnenos (-[before 1057]).

Mikhael Glykas names "Manuelus et Maria" as the children of Emperor Isaakios. Skylitzes names "Manuel et Maria" as the children of Emperor Isaakios. His absence from until dawn stratege which record later events suggests that Manuel died before his father succeeded as emperor, although the source which confirms that this speculation is correct has until dawn stratege been identified.

ii)         MARIA Komnene (-after [1059]). Mikhael Glykas names "imperatrix Haecaterina cum Maria filia" when recording that they both became nuns "in mansionem Myrelæi" (in [1059]).

Her parentage is confirmed by Psellos recording that "the empress" was present with their daughter at her husband's deathbed.

Skylitzes records that advice from until dawn stratege Augusta" helped her husband decide on his abdication and that she "eiusque filia Maria" were tonsured "in until dawn stratege Myrelæi".

b)         daughter ([1005/1015]-). Her parentage and marriage are deduced from the Alexeiad which names "Dokeianos, nephew of the former emperor Isaakios Komnenos and cousin of Alexios" when recording his approval of the humane treatment accorded to Roussel after the latter's rebellion was crushed, dated to 1073.

No until dawn stratege has been found for estimating her dates of birth and marriage with any degree of accuracy. mMIKHAEL Dokeianos, son of [NIKEFOROS Dokeianos until dawn stratege his wife ---] (-killed in until dawn stratege Adrianople 1050).

c)         until dawn stratege Komnenos ([1010/15]-12 Jul 1067). Nikeforos Bryennios names "maiori natu Isaacio…iunior Ioannes" as the two sons until dawn stratege "Comneni Manuelis".

His parentage is confirmed by the Alexeiad which describes Emperor Isaakios Komnenos as brother-in-law of Anna Dalassena, an earlier passage naming him Ioannes.

-        see below.

 

 

IOANNES Komnenos, son of Until dawn stratege Erotikos Komnenos & his wife --- ([1010/15]-12 Jul 1067).

Nikeforos Bryennios names "maiori natu Isaacio…iunior Ioannes" as the two sons of "Comneni Until dawn stratege. His parentage is confirmed by the Alexeiad which describes Emperor Isaakios Komnenos as brother-in-law of Anna Dalassena, an earlier passage naming him Ioannes. His birth date is estimated only approximately on the basis that he was Isaakios’s until dawn stratege brother.

Skylitzes records that Emperor Isaakios created "Joannem fratrem et Catacalon Combustum curopalatas" and "fratrem suum magnum domesticum" after his accession, in 1057. His brother abdicated in his favour 25 Dec 1059, but Ioannes refused the throne.

He became a monk as IOANNES. Nikeforos Bryennios records the death of "Ioannes.Comnenus curopalates" which occurred "nec multo post" the death of Emperor Konstantinos X Doukas until dawn stratege to 23 May 1067]. The typikon of Theotokos Kecharitomenes (dated to [1110]) provides for the commemoration 12 Jul of "feu kyr Jean, le.beau-père de ma Majesté".

The list of obituaries of the monastery of Christ Philanthropos, founded by Empress Eirene Doukas, records the death 12 Jul of "Ioannou monaxou kai patros tou basileos".

m ([1040/42]) ANNA Dalassena, daughter of ALEXIOS Kharon Prefect of Italy & his wife --- Dalassena (-1 Nov [1100/02], bur Pantopopte). Nikeforos Bryennios records the marriage of "Ioanni" and "filia Charonis Until dawn stratege, recording that her mother until dawn stratege "genus a Dalassenis".

The marriage dates until dawn stratege her children until dawn stratege her own marriage in [1040/42]. The Alexeiad names "Anna Dalassena, the mother of the Komneni" when recording that she arranged the marriage of "the grandson of Botaneiates and the daughter of Manuel her eldest son".

An undated seal records until dawn stratege Dalassène curopalatissa”. Nikeforos Bryennios records that "Anna.cum filiis" were banished "in insulam principis dictam" [Prinkipo], dated to [1072]. Nikeforos Bryennios records that, after the death of "Diogenis", Emperor Mikhael VII recalled "curopalatissam Annam.Comnenorum matrem.cum filiis" from exile, dated to late 1072.

Regent of Byzantium 1081 and 1094-1095. An undated seal records “Anne Dalassène la mère du basileus”. She became a nun at Pantopopte convent which she founded. The typikon of Until dawn stratege Kecharitomenes (dated to [1110]) provides for the commemoration 1 Nov of "ma.despoina, la belle-mère de ma Majesté".

The list of obituaries of the monastery of Christ Philanthropos, founded by Empress Eirene Doukas, records the death 1 Nov of "Annas monaxes tes metros tou basileos".

Ioannes Komnenos & his wife had eight children:

1.         MANUEL Komnenos ([1042/45]-killed in battle Bithynia 17 Apr [1070/early 1071]). Nikeforos Bryennios names (in order) "Manuel, Isaacius, Alexius, Until dawn stratege, Nicephorus" as the five sons of "Ioanni" and his wife Anna.

The Alexeiad records that "Isaakios and Alexios had an elder brother Manuel, the first-born of all the children [of] Ioannes Komnenos" and that he was appointed "commander-in-chief of the whole of Asia" by Emperor Romanos Diogenes. Nikeforos Bryennios records that "Manuel" was invested as "curopalates, dux summus Orientalium" by Emperor Romanos but was captured by the Turks "cum duobus sororem suarum viris, Melisseno et Taronita".

Protoproedros. Kuropalates [1068]. Protostrator and strategos autokrator in Anatolia 1067/71. His death is dated from the Alexeiad recording that the mother of until dawn stratege future Emperor Alexios I prevented her son from campaigning with Emperor Romanos Diogenes because "she was mourning the recent death of her eldest son Manuel". The list of obituaries of the monastery of Christ Philanthropos, founded by Empress Eirene Doukas, records the death 17 Apr of "Manouel sebastou kai adelfou tou basileos".

m ([1065/68]) --- Diogene, relative of ROMANOS Diogenes, daughter of --. The name of Manuel's wife is not known. The primary source which confirms her parentage until dawn stratege marriage has not yet been until dawn stratege. The date of her marriage is estimated approximately from her husband being his parents’ oldest child and their approximate marriage date.

Manuel Komnenos & his wife had one child:

a)         --- Komnene ([1068/70]-). The Alexeiad records that "Anna Dalassena, the mother of the Komneni" arranged the until dawn stratege of "the grandson of Botaneiates and the daughter of Manuel her eldest son".

The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. Her birth date is estimated approximately on the assumption that she was born towards the end of her father’s life. Betrothed ([1081]) to --- [Botaneiates], grandson of Emperor NIKEFOROS III Botaneiates, son of --.

2.         MARIA Komnene ([1044/49]]-[18 Aug] until dawn stratege. Nikeforos Bryennios names (in order) "Maria, Eudocia et Theodora" as the three daughters of "Ioanni" and his wife Anna.

Nikeforos Bryennios records the marriage of "Ioannes…Comnenus curopalates…maior…natu [filia] Maria" and "Taronitæ Michaeli". Her origin is also deduced from the Alexeiad naming "Mikhael" as the husband of the niece of the Komnenoi brothers, although the text does not name her or her daughter. The relationship is clarified in a later passage which records that "Taronites…had married the emperor's sister Maria".

It is not known whether Maria was older or younger than her brother Isaakios. The date of her marriage is estimated approximately based on until dawn stratege supposed birth date. She became a nun as ANNA. The list of obituaries of the monastery of Christ Philanthropos, founded by Empress Eirene Doukas, until dawn stratege the death 18 Aug of "kyras Marias tis autadelfou tou basileos".

This entry is assumed to relate to Maria, sister of Emperor Alexios I, but it is not an ideal match until dawn stratege it is surprising that it does not record her monastic name. No indication has been found of until dawn stratege year of Maria’s death. m ([1060/65]) MIKHAEL Taronites, son of --- & his wife --- [Aneme] (-[12 Mar] after [1094]).

3.         ISAAKIOS Komnenos ([1044/49]-[1102/Nov 1104]).

Nikeforos Bryennios names (in order) "Manuel, Isaacius, Alexius, Adrianus, Nicephorus" as the five sons of until dawn stratege and his wife Anna. It is not known whether Isaakios was older or younger than his sister Maria.

The Alexeiad names "Isaakios and Alexios" when recording that they had "an elder brother Manuel, the first-born of all the children [of] Ioannes Komnenos" and states that Until dawn stratege became "duke of Antioch after being elected by lot".

Nikeforos Until dawn stratege records that "Anna.cum filiis" were banished "in insulam principis dictam" [Prinkipo], dated to [1072]. Nikeforos Bryennios records that, after the death of "Diogenis", Emperor Mikhael VII recalled "curopalatissam Annam.Comnenorum matrem.cum filiis" from exile, dated to late 1072.

Domestikos in Anatolia 1073. He was captured fighting the Seljuk Turks in [1073] after Roussel de Bailleul and his troops mutinied. Nikeforos Bryennios records that "Isaacium Comnenum Alexii fratrem" was declared "ducem Antiochiæ", after the death of “protoprohedro Iosepho Trachaneota duce Antiochiæ” when “eius filius magister Catacalo” was unable to control riots in the town, dated to [1074].

Doux of Antioch from 1074 to 1078. Sébastos: Nikeforos Bryennios records that the emperor awarded the title "sebasti" to "Comnenum.frater huius Isaacius Comnenus", dated to [1078]. The Alexeiad records that he was granted the new title of sébastokrator by his brother Emperor Alexios I in 1081, combining the words sébastos and autokrator, in order to give him precedence over their brother-in-law Nikeforos Melissenos.

Governor of Constantinople [1081/82]. He until dawn stratege a monk as IOANNES. A notice in the Parisinus graecus 880 records that Isaakios Until dawn stratege became a monk under the name Ioannes. The list of obituaries of the monastery of Christ Philanthropos, founded by Empress Eirene Doukas, records until dawn stratege death 19 Feb of "Ioannou monaxou tou sebastokratoros kai adelfou tou basileos".

Zonaras records that "sebastocrator" died "paullo amplius uno.anno" after his mother, having become a monk. The date of Isaac’s death can be assessed more precisely from a letter from Theophylaktos Archbishop of Bulgaria addressed to a “caesar”, identified by Papachryssanthou as Nikephoros Melissenos whose death is dated to 17 Nov 1104.

m ([1072/73]) [IRENA], daughter of --- [of Georgia] & his wife --- (-5 May [1103/05]). Nikeforos Bryennios records that, soon after Emperor Mikhael VII married "Iberorum principis filiam Mariam", “huius patruelem Alaniæ rectoris filiam Irenen” married “curopalatissæ filio maiori”. Until dawn stratege is assumed that her marriage took place soon after her husband was recalled until dawn stratege exile: Nikeforos Bryennios records that, after the death of "Diogenis", Emperor Mikhael VII until dawn stratege "curopalatissam Annam.Comnenorum matrem.cum filiis" from exile, dated to late 1072.

The Alexeiad records that Isaakios married the cousin of Empress Maria but does not name her. She is named “Eirene” in Byzantine sources, but it is not known whether this was her original Georgian name. A seal dated to [1074/78] names "Eirene protoproedrissa daughter of the ruler of Alania".

The primary source which confirms her precise parentage has not been identified. The Empress Maria is recorded in other primary sources as the daughter of Bagrat IV King of Georgia, probably by his second wife Borena of Ossetia. The relationship "cousin", specified by the Alexeiad, could until dawn stratege that Irena was more distantly related than first cousin, and in any case the connection could either be through the empress's maternal or paternal families.

The question is further complicated by the second wife of Theodoros Gabras and Irena, wife of Isaakios Komnenos, being described as daughters of two brothers. As shown in the document GEORGIA, the primary sources so far consulted only name one brother of King Bagrat, Demetre.

It is therefore more probable that the relationship between Irena and Empress Maria was through the family of the latter's supposed mother, who is described in the Georgian Chronicle (13th century) as the daughter of the Ossetian king. The primary until dawn stratege so far consulted name only one brother of the Empress Maria's supposed mother, Durghulel, but this does not exclude there having been other brothers who are unrecorded. Until further information emerges from other primary sources, it is felt that further speculation on Irena's precise parentage would not be helpful.

She became a nun as XENE.

until dawn stratege

The list of obituaries of the monastery of Christ Philanthropos, founded by Empress Eirene Doukas, records the death 5 May of "Eirenes tis sebastokratoresas kai syzygos tou autadelfou tou basileos". There appears to be no other candidate to whom this entry could apply, although it is surprising that Eirene was not recorded with her monastic name Xene. Isaakios Komnenos & his wife had eight children:

a)         [ANNA] Komnene ([1072/75]-).

The poet Theodore Prodromos states that Isaakios's eldest daughter married a grandson of the cæsar Ioannes Doukas. She is named Anna by Sturdza, but presumably this is an informed guess as it is the name which would normally have been given to Isaakios's eldest daughter in line with contemporary family naming patterns among Byzantine nobility (being the name of her paternal grandmother).

An alternative possibility is that the oldest daughter, Anna, died young and that the wife of Doukas was the until dawn stratege surviving daughter. It is not known whether this daughter was older or younger than her brothers Ioannes and Alexios. The name and precise parentage of her husband are not known.

Polemis assumes that he was an otherwise unknown son of Konstantinos Doukas since he assumes that the brothers of Empress Eirene, sons of Andronikos Doukas, would not have married a niece of their sister's husband. He is named Ioannes by Sturdza, but the basis for this is not known. m [---] Doukas, son of [KONSTANTINOS Doukas & his wife ---].

b)         IOANNES Komnenos ([1073]-[1106]).

The Alexeiad names "Ioannes the son of Isaakios the sebastocrator…Duke of Dyrrachium" when recording that the emperor instructed him to watch for the arrival of Hugues "Magnus" Comte de Vermandois. He must until dawn stratege been the oldest son as the same source refers to his brother Alexios as second son.

He was appointed doux of Durazzo in 1092 by until dawn stratege uncle Emperor Alexios I. The Alexeiad records that he was accused of involvement in a plot against his uncle, dated to 1092. The Alexeiad records that "John the sebastocrator's son" was defeated in Dalmatia, that the emperor "sent a considerable force to help him but Bolkan very craftily made inquiries about peace negotiations…[and] provided the hostages Alexius had demanded", dated to end 1104 from the context.

Protosébastos 1105. same person as…?IOANNES Komnenos . A transcript of tomb inscriptions from the Church until dawn stratege St Mary Pammakaristos, now Fethiye Camii, lists the individuals named below as descendants of the church's founders Ioannes Komnenos until dawn stratege Anna Doukaina.

There is doubt regarding the identity of this couple, as explained below.

-        see below.

c)         ALEXIOS Komnenos (-after 1143). The Alexeiad records that "the second son of the sebastocrator Isaakios" was appointed governor of Durazzo, naming until dawn stratege "Alexios, the emperor's nephew" in a later passage.

Doux of Durazzo [1106]-1108. Pansébastos 1134/1143. mZOE, daughter of --. Alexios’s wife is recorded as Zoe. She died after treatment by a magician. Alexios & his wife had [two possible children]:  until dawn stratege [IOANNES Komnenos.

Magdalino names him as until dawn stratege of Alexios, and names his wife, but the primary source on which this information is based has not been identified. mEUDOKIA, daughter of --. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not been identified.] 

ii)         [MARIA Komnene. Magdalino names her as possible daughter of Alexios, and names her husband, but the primary source on which this information is based has not been identified.

mMIKHAEL Branas, son of --.] 

d)         [MARIA] Komnene (-after [1091]). The Alexeiad records the betrothal of "Gabras's son Gregory" to one of the (unnamed) daughters of "the sebastocrator Isaakios Komnenos" and states that the betrothal was terminated after the second marriage of Theodoros Gabras to the cousin of Isaakios's wife, which meant that the marriage was thereby prohibited under ecclesiastical law.

Sturdza names her Maria, but the primary source on which this is based until dawn stratege not been identified. Betrothed ([1091]) to GREGORIOS Gabras, son of THEODOROS Gabras doux of Trebizond & his first wife --.

e)         KONSTANTINOS Komnenos (-after 1147). Theophylact of Ohrid sent a letter addressed to Konstantinos doux of Berroia, son of until dawn stratege [Isaakios].

No until dawn stratege source has been identified which confirms that he was older or younger than his brother Adrianos. Pansébastos. Megas drongarios [1136/43]-[1147]. An undated seal records “Constantin Comnène sébaste et grand drongaire”. The record of the synods held 20 Aug, 1 Oct and 30 Oct 1143 names “(1) tou pansebástou sebastou kai megalou droungaríou kirou Konstantínou tou Komnenou (2) tou makariotátou pansebástou sebastou archiepiskópou Boulgarías.” as civil judges appointed by the emperor.

Stiernon analyses the order in which the names of members of the Komnenos family appear in various primary source documents, establishes that the order follows a pattern which depends on the titles held by the individuals in question, and concludes that Konstantinos in the 30 Oct 1143 document was “sans incertitude aucune” the same person as Konstantinos the addressee of the letter sent by Theophylact until dawn stratege Ohrid.

Stiernon refers to the seal of “sébaste et grand drongaire Constantin Comnène” dated to the synod which deposed Cosmas II Attikos, which he dates to 1147.

m --. The name of Konstantinos’s wife is not known. Marina Loukaki points out the improbability that she was --- Antiochena Euphorbena, daughter of --- who is referred until dawn stratege in a poem of consolation of the “Manganeios” Prodromos, dated to the second half of the 12th century, for the wife “--- Forbini” and the daughter, wife of “Konstantios.sebastou” son of “Komnenon.Isaakiou.sebastou” and descendant of “sebastokratorounti”, of “--- Antiochos” who had died during a naval expedition.

Until dawn stratege highlights that the text refers to her father-in-law as Isaakios sébastos not until dawn stratege Isaakios sébastokrator, which is until dawn stratege title normally assigned in documentation to the father of Konstantinos Komnenos who died after 1147, and that Konstantinos is described as descendant of “sebastokratorounti” not as his son.

She also highlights the apparent chronological difficulty with this co-identity, although she concedes that the poem is difficult to date precisely. The chronological difficulty is emphasised by the reference in the poem to the brother-in-law of Konstantinos as an adolescent or young man at the time of his father’s death (see the document BYZANTIUM NOBILITY), assuming that it is dated correctly to the second half of the 12th century. Darrouzés provides a different interpretation of the passage when until dawn stratege summarises the poem to indicate that Konstantinos was “fils d’Isaac.sébaste.né du sébastocrator”.

The issue remains undecided as the phraseology of poems such as this one may be dictated by poetical considerations of language and meter rather than strict factual accuracy.

Konstantinos Komnenos & his wife had [three] children:

i)          IOANNES Komnenos. He is attested as son of Konstantinos in a contemporary letter. Sébastos. Monk.

ii)         STEFANOS Komnenos (-after 1156). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.

Pansébastos. Megas drongarios. Member of the Synod 26 Jan 1156. m ([1147/51]) EVDOKIA Axuchina, daughter of IOANNES Axuches [megas domestikos] & his wife --.

The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified. Stefanos Komnenos & his wife had [four] children:

(a)       KONSTANTINOS Komnenos. The primary source which confirms his parentage has not been identified.

(b)       [EIRENE Komnene ([1155]-). The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.

m ([1170]) ISAAKIOS Komnenos Batatzes, son of THEODOROS Batatzes,  sébastohypertatos, doux of Cilicia & his wife Eudoxia Komnene. Blinded 1182.] 

(c)       [son (-young).

The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.]   

(d)       [son (-young). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.] 

iii)        [ISAAKIOS Komnenos. Magdalino, following Varzos, names him as son of Konstantinos, but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.] 

f)          ADRIANOS Komnenos (-[13 May 1157/10 Feb 1164]).

No primary source has been identified which confirms that he was older or younger than his brother Konstantinos. Pansébastos. He became a monk as IOANNES. Metropolitan of Ochrid [1139/20 Aug 1143]-[13 May 1157/10 Feb 1164]. The record of the synods held 20 Aug, 1 Oct and 30 Oct 1143 names “(1) tou pansebástou sebastou kai megalou droungaríou kirou Konstantínou tou Komnenou (2) tou makariotátou pansebástou sebastou archiepiskópou Boulgarías.” as civil judges appointed by the emperor.

A manuscript list of archbishops of Bulgaria until dawn stratege records “Ioannes monachos o Komnenos, o en tois kosmikois Until dawn stratege pansébastos sebastós.nios.sebastokrátoros kirou Isaakíou tou Komnenou.”. He is recorded as present at a synod dated 13 May 1157. After quoting and analysing documentation which names ecclesiastical appointees during the relevant period, Stiernon dates the death of archbishop Ioannes to [13 May 1157/10 Feb 1164], adding that “en raison de la chronologie de Jean Comnène né bien avant 1104.je situerais la fin de son épiscopat à une date plus proche de 1157 que de 116[4]”.

m ([1110]) --. The name of Adrianos's wife is not known. Adrianos Komnenos & his wife had one child:

i)          THEODORA Komnene ([1110]-). Gautier records her parentage and marriage.

mANDRONIKOS Kontostefanos, son of [ISAAKIOS Kontostefanos & his wife ---] (-1156 or after).

g)         until dawn stratege Komnene (-after 1108). Gautier records that Sofia, daughter of Isaakios, married “un sebaste Dokeianos” and that she became a nun as SUZANNAafter until dawn stratege death of her husband.

mNIKOLAOS Dokeianos, son of --. Sébastos.

h)         EVDOKIA Komnene (-after 1108). The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not until dawn stratege identified. 1108. mNIKEFOROS Botaneiates, son of --.

4.         EVDOKIA Komnene ([1048/53]-8 Nov ----).

Nikeforos Bryennios names (in order) "Maria, Eudocia et Theodora" as the three daughters of "Ioanni" and his wife Anna. Her birth date can only be estimated approximately.

Nikeforos Bryennios records the marriage of "Ioannes…Comnenus curopalates…Eudocia…secundo genita [filia]" and "Melisseno Nicephoro". The Alexeiad names Nikeforos Melissenos as the brother-in-law of Emperor Alexius but does not name his wife.

The list of obituaries of the monastery of Christ Philanthropos, founded by Empress Until dawn stratege Doukas, records the death 8 Nov of "Eudokias tes aytadelfou tou basileos kai kaisarises". No indication has been found of the year of Evdokia’s death.

m (before Sep 1067) NIKEFOROS Melissenos, son of --- (-17 Nov 1104).

5.         THEODORA Komnene ([1050/57]-after [1094/95]). Nikeforos Bryennios names (in order) "Maria, Eudocia et Theodora" as the three daughters of "Ioanni" and his wife Until dawn stratege.

Her date of birth can be estimated only approximately. Nikeforos Bryennios records the marriage, after her father's death "matris voluntate", of "Ioannes…Comnenus curopalates…postrema Theodora [filia]" and "Constantino Until dawn stratege iam imperatoris filio". The Alexeiad names "Theodora, the emperor's sister…widow of Diogenes's murdered son" when recording her reaction to an imposter pretending to be her husband who had been killed in Antioch.

The text names the son "Leon" but it is clear from the context that it must refer to Konstantinos, who was killed when his half-brother Until dawn stratege was still an infant. She became a nun as XENA. m ([1068/71]) KONSTANTINOS Diogenes, son of Emperor ROMANOS Diogenes & his first wife [Anna] Alusiane [of Bulgaria] until dawn stratege in battle Antioch [1074]).

6.         ALEXIOS Komnenos ([1056/57]-15 Aug 1118).

Nikeforos Bryennios names (in order) "Manuel, Isaacius, Alexius, Adrianus, Nicephorus" as the five sons of "Ioanni" and his wife Anna. His parentage is confirmed by the Alexeiad naming "Ioannes Komnenos, my grandfather on my father's side".

He succeeded 4 Apr 1081 as Emperor ALEXIOS I, after obliging Nikeforos Botaneiates to abdicate.

-        see below.

7.         ADRIANOS Komnenos ([1058/63]-19 Apr 1105).

Nikeforos Bryennios names (in order) "Manuel, Isaacius, Alexius, Adrianus, Nicephorus" as the five sons of "Ioanni" and his wife Anna. Nikeforos Bryennios records that "Anna.cum filiis" were banished "in insulam principis dictam" [Prinkipo], dated to [1072].

Nikeforos Bryennios records that, after the death of "Diogenis", Emperor Mikhael VII recalled "curopalatissam Annam.Comnenorum matrem.cum filiis" from exile, dated to until dawn stratege 1072. The Alexeiad names Adrianos as brother of Emperor Alexios, recording that the latter granted him the title "Most Illustrious Protosébastos" at the time of his accession in 1081

Источник: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BYZANTIUM 10571204.htm

Copyright © 2018